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Urine utilization design / Excreta utilization

Urine utilization design
Urine utilization design

The product is used in poor areas for the classification, collection and treatment of human waste;Using urine as a building material technology, exceptionally strong biobricks are made from human urine, specific bacteria and sand.Biobricks do not require fire and their shape and hardness are easily controlled.The bricks are made in a process similar to that of coral in the ocean. The bacteria break down urea, producing complex calcium carbonate deposits that mix and solidify with sand.No contaminants are produced and the smell dissipates after two days.These obtained building materials can be used to make necessary public facilities.


Hubei University of Technology

Hubei University of Technology
Wuhan City, China

Zhendong Zhu,
Hubei University of Technology

Zhaohui Zhang,
Hubei University of Technology