Unsupported browser

You are using an outdated browser. Please upgrade your browser to improve your experience.

Sign up for an Award

Participate with your entry in one of our professional or student awards.

Sign up for an award

Sign up for a Profile

Create your own profile and publish it in the iF WORLD DESIGN GUIDE.

Sign up for a profile

Learn more:


Present your project for free and win your share of EUR 50,000 in prize money.

Publish your project

Gradual Thermal-paster / Products and Applications

Gradual Thermal-paster
Gradual Thermal-paster

During an infusion, patients usually feel a few symptoms such as pain and swelling in the infusion site due to the cold herbal infusions. Such discomfort feelings may last quite a long time even after the cessation of infusion. The Gradual Thermal-paster is designed to elevate the temperature of the patient’s infusion site and help relief the cold-induced discomfort by heating, which can be achieved by using a self-heating material: Solid polymer electrolyte (SPE). By increasing the contact area of SPE and oxygen, the heating temperature will increase over time.


Xi'an Jiaotong University

Xi'an Jiaotong University
Xi'an, China

Yang Liu,
Xi'an Jiaotong University